31 May 2011 /


By gordon pask
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Musicolour, 1953-7, was the first cybernetic art machine created in 1953 by Gordon Pask, English cybernetician and psychologist. It comprised an input device for receiving sound, a computer, and an output device (lights): it was an interactivedisplay that turned music input into light display output. The computer part included an element of learning that enabled it to interact with musicians. For instance, if the music was repetitious it could prompt the musicians to vary their performance. Thus it was a cybernetic machine and not a passive light show. (Caption Author: Wayne Clements)

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