Konrad Zuse was born in 1910 in Berlin and died in 1995 in Hünfeld, Germany. From 1936 to 1938, he created the Z1, the first programmable machine based on a binary switching mechanism. The Z3 (1941) was the first functional program-controlled computer worldwide. In 1945–46, Zuse invented the programming language Plankalkül, and in 1949 he founded the company Zuse KG. As an autodidact, Zuse also created paintings, drawings, and linocuts.